Why is November the month of the Black Consciousness?!

Bust of Zumbi in Brasília. The plaque reads: "Zumbi dos Palmares, the black leader of all races." sourced from the 'Zumbi' wikipedia entry on 22/11/10

November 20 is remembered and celebrated among us as the Day of the Black Consciousness. In fact November is full of important references to the Brazilian Black community and to capoeiras all over the world. This is the reason why this month is also a contemporaneous form of protest among us. A protest because it’s celebrated by the Black community, as well as by other oppressed minorities, over the 13 of May, the day of the Abolition of Slavery in Brazil. November draws its symbolic strength from other important events, all somehow related to Capoeira; at least for those who see it as an art of resistance. The Revolt of the Whip; the death anniversary of Zumbi dos Palmares (20/11/1695) and of Mestre Pastinha (13/11/1981); and the birth anniversary of Mestre Bimba (23/11/1899) all happened in November, making off this month an important opportunity to debate and learn from such protests and historic events.

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The Day of the Black Consciousness


Mestre Jogo de Dentro singing a Ladainha at his workshop at the Volta Por Cima / Cordão de Ouro Centre in Brasília in 08-2005

Since the 1960s the Day of the Black Consciousness in Brazil is celebrated on the 20th of November. At this day, in 1695, the last leader of the Quilombo dos Palmares – Zumbi, was executed by the slavish establishment.

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